Posted by: 2thdocbob | 27 July 2020

Viral Reflections, Part One: Words Matter


This is the first in a short series of reflections on the COVID-19 pandemic and how it has affected me.

My world has been very different during the past four-plus months. How about yours?

As I adapted to working from home and decided how to respond to the manifold changes, I discovered that government and media were using inflammatory terms to describe both the pandemic conditions and what was expected.  Here are some of the terms and my comments on why they don’t fit.

Quarantine: the name comes from a 40-day isolation when you are sick with a highly contagious disease
Shelter-in-Place: what you do when there is an active shooter
Stay at home order: kind of a blend between house arrest and shelter-in-place
Lockdown: what prisons do when the inmates are unruly
House arrest: for convicted criminals; usually involves an ankle bracelet
Confinement: what they do when you’re in jail (see solitary confinement)
Seclusion: what Greta Garbo wanted
Isolation: what every good introvert wants more of
Social distancing: not desirable; physical distancing is what is needed.

And a few that I haven’t heard:

Sequestration: what they do to juries in the serious trials
Withdrawal: wait a minute, that’s done willingly

The choice of words by both government and media seem to have been calculated to instill fear in the general public. In my mind, these word games are grossly unethical. They cause more harm than good to society, and when you think about it, they are not honest. What happened to honesty in public discourse? That is a topic for another post, but since I teach a dental ethics and jurisprudence course every summer, I have had some time to ponder questions like that.

I chose to refer to March 12 as “The Shutdown,” in reference to my employer being required to transition to remote teaching and working from home. I usually speak of “isolation” when I talk about what we were ordered to do, because in reality, we were free to come and go as we pleased. We just couldn’t go to church or buy much of anything that isn’t available at Walmart or the grocery stores.

This is exactly why I question the honesty of government and media. I have seen far too many people on social media who complain of cabin fever, because they think they can’t leave their own property. When an order was issued that affected me, I read the actual order, not the news article purporting to tell us about it. (I do that with some Supreme Court decisions, too; call me strange if you want to.) We were not affected by any “hard” restrictions. I found many loopholes that allowed us to visit wildlife sanctuaries and other nature areas and enjoy fresh air and sunshine.

In fact, Governor Nuisance listed nature photography as an acceptable outdoor activity. So in theory, if you carry a camera with you outside, you can do what you want, within reason. We really are nature photographers, so we took advantage.

I don’t want this to become a political discussion, but it seems to many of us in California that our local officials are exercising undue authority over the populace in the name of protecting us. I have reason to doubt their motives. The ethical question of when emergencies override constitutional and other legal rights comes into play. It is a complicated discussion, and I don’t claim to have the answers. In connection with that question is the legal question of whether or not a government order actually has the force of law.

Watch out for “weasel words”[1] in news releases and government orders. If you recognize vague, but important sounding phrases, you’ve spotted weasel words. Jimmy Buffet wisely said:

“If I were you I’d just keep driving
Past all this useless and important information”[2]

Enjoy your quarantine! (Or whatever you choose to call it.)


[1] Weasel Words.

[2] Buffett, J. Useless but Important Information.

Thanks to for the quote at the beginning of the post.

Boyd Matheson, Deseret News’ Opinion Editor, has done it again.

It is easy to criticize the shortcomings of individuals who are long dead; it is easy to apply the standards of our time (if we have any) to judge individuals who lived centuries ago. But it is also unfair to judge them because they lived by the standards of their times.

In dental ethics, we speak frequently of justifiable criticism. This is the concept that if we see something that is substandard, we ought not criticize it if we don’t know the circumstances under which it was done. More commonly, we might urge someone to walk a mile in another’s moccasins before we criticize them. This would certainly improve peace and understanding among everyone in our world.

I share Matheson’s article with his encouragement to share anything that he has written.

The original article may be found here.


It has become an obsession for some, and casual sport for others, to look back on history and reframe, recast and reimagine what happened and why. With audacious certainty, the experts declare the motives and character of complex individuals who lived in less advanced societies. Acknowledging and even confronting the whole of our history, warts and all, is vital. But let’s be honest, poking holes in heroes from the past and picking on heroines of bygone eras is pretty easy. It doesn’t require much moral fiber, rigorous research or even open-mindedness.

Some media and academic elites, along with progressive historians, have begun to wear their bullying of historical figures as a badge of honor. In reality, such revisionism and self-righteous judgement are just bad form and often are centered in a form of agenda-driven arrogance.

For the tough on history, the cancel culture crowd, I have a different challenge that will require real courage — not the “hold my pen, I am going after the founding fathers” variety. Real courage demands authentic vulnerability and humility. The challenge is to write the future.

Between 1975 to 1979, Ronald Reagan recorded more than 1,000 daily radio broadcasts. He had just completed serving as governor of California and would not be sworn in as president of the United States until 1981. He had no staff and wrote the vast majority of his scripts on his own. Many of these broadcasts have been captured and shared in an audio series titled, “Reagan in his own voice.”

The series demonstrates, in and of itself, how writing disparagingly about figures of the past is easy. Many of his contemporary political opponents and media critics made Reagan out to be a leader big on charisma but small on knowledge and intellect. Yet the handwritten messages, approximately 500-600 words each, display little to no editing, and showcase Reagan’s vast knowledge of domestic policy, geopolitical strategy and the inherent goodness of the American people. Most of his pieces could be played on radio today and be just as correct and just as poignant as they were in the mid-to-late 1970s.

Recently, I have taken inspiration from reviewing addresses from the likes of Calvin Coolidge, Jimmy Carter and John F. Kennedy. I learned a lesson this week from relistening to one of those three-minute messages from Reagan on why writing the future is not for the faint of heart, but is worth the effort.

Reagan began by describing how easy it is for historians to look at and judge past leaders. He also noted how he and his political peers could, and would, somewhat glibly talk about how the decisions they were making would shape the world for 100 years to come. (Here in 2020, we are still a long ways away from the November election, yet we have already been lectured by people on both ends of the political spectrum about how our votes and choices this year will determine the destiny of the nation.)

The former governor of California was given a challenge in 1976 that would test his willingness to actually write the future. Reagan had been petitioned to write a letter for a time capsule, which would be opened 100 years into the future in 2076. The occasion in 2076 would include the city of Los Angeles’ bicentennial and America’s tricentennial celebration.

The suggestion from the time capsule committee was that Reagan focus his letter on some of the problems confronting the American people and the government during the 1976 election cycle.

At first Reagan figured it would be pretty easy for him to write the future as he had been talking about the challenges facing the nation on a regular basis for years. He figured he could do it in his sleep.

Reagan began writing his letter to the future as he was being driven by car down the Pacific Coast Highway in California. He said the simple drafting of a letter became a rather difficult and incredibly complex chore as he began to consider, “What do you put in a letter that’s going to be read 100 years from now in the year 2076? What do you say about our problems (today) when those who read the letter will know what we don’t know? Namely, they will know how well we did with those problems. In short, they will be living in the world we helped to shape.”

“Will they read the letter with gratitude in their hearts for what we did? Or will they be bitter because the heritage we left them was one of human misery?” — Ronald Reagan

Then in a hefty dose of reality Reagan humbly asked, “Will they read the letter with gratitude in their hearts for what we did? Or will they be bitter because the heritage we left them was one of human misery?”

Reagan wrote of the problems facing America and its citizens in 1976, including big government, excessive spending, the loss of individual liberty, the undermining of the inspired course set by the founding fathers and that two great superpowers, America and the then-Soviet Union, were pointing nuclear weapons at each other.

Reagan noted, “Those who read my letter will know whether those missiles were fired or not. Either they will be surrounded by the same beauty we now know, or they will wonder sadly what it was like when the world was still beautiful.

Ever the optimist, Reagan concluded his writing the future with the ultimate litmus test for every citizen, “If we here today meet the challenges confronting us, those who open that time capsule 100 years from now will do so in beauty, peace, prosperity, and the ultimate in personal freedom. If we don’t keep our rendezvous with destiny, the letter probably will never be read because they will live in the world we left them, a world in which no one is allowed to read, have individual liberty or freedom of choice.”

Again, it doesn’t take much courage to cast aspersions or pass judgment on those who are not around to defend themselves. I would challenge those same people attempting to rewrite history to instead write the future, knowing that those who will read your letter 100 years from now will know with certainty whether you were right or wrong. Write your letter. Print it, post it, etch it in stone and see how confident you are in what you think you know.

Writing the future while living in the present is difficult, but it is actually worthy of our individual consideration. I have started writing the future, my own version, for the good people who will be living in 2120. (I will share it in a future column when it is completed.)

I invite all to join me in writing the future. Here are some questions to get you started: In the year 2120, how will citizens look on those of us living in 2020? Will they be grateful for the decisions we made in dealing with a global pandemic? Will they see that our commitment to equality, justice and ending prejudice and discrimination was a hinge-point in history? Will they say we were a narcissistic society, unwilling to come together for the common good? Will the people of 2120 see that we preserved individual freedom, religious liberty and the First Amendment? Will our choices regarding stewardship of the environment inspire or infuriate? Will they applaud the difficult decisions we made regarding the national debt? How will they feel we did in striving to live up to the principles the founders of America put on parchment in 1776 and 1787? Will those principles still stand as a beacon of hope to the world?

Remember, those who will read your letter will know what we currently don’t know. They will be able to criticize our arrogance and ignorance as well as condemn our unenlightened naivete. They will, in truth, live in the world we left them — a world shaped by our decisions today.

We could certainly benefit from spending a little less time attacking and attempting to cancel figures and the founding principles of the past, and giving a little more effort to determining our individual and collective roles in writing the future. The future truly belongs to the brave. If we wish to write the future of tomorrow, we must do so by living with excellence and compassion today.

I appreciate the wisdom of this article. I will do my best to take the high road. I love learning from the past, but mainly because that helps me look to the future.

Saturday, February 22 is George Washington’s Birthday. Here is an article about Washington’s dental struggles. He died prior to HIPAA, so no worries about violating HIPAA rights.

Thanks to Dr. William Maloney, Clinical Associate Professor of Dentistry at New York University, and a fellow dental historian, for writing and sharing this article.

This article was originally published in  The Conversation.

George Washington faced many challenges regarding his teeth.
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

William Maloney, New York University

We have all heard the tales about George Washington chopping down a cherry tree, throwing a silver dollar across the Potomac River and, of course, wearing wooden teeth.

They are all just myths, but one thing is certain: The father of our country suffered horribly with dental pain. Today, the dental profession has many ways to relieve dental pain and to replace missing teeth so that they look and feel like natural ones. Unfortunately for Washington, 18th-century dentistry could not provide the much sought-after relief from dental suffering available today.

I am a professor of dentistry who has studied the history of Washington’s teeth and have found it very interesting separating fact from fiction regarding Washington’s oral health.

The myth of the wooden teeth

George Washington by Charles Willson Peale. The swollen cheek and a slightly visible scar could have been due to an abscessed tooth in the young soldier.

While it is a myth that Washington’s false teeth were made out of wood, his pain and embarrassment from his dental woes were all too real. What might have led people to believe that Washington’s teeth were made from wood was the brownish stain on his denture teeth, which was most likely the result of tobacco use or stain-inducing wine.

Washington is best remembered for his heroics against the British in the American Revolution, but he started his military career in the Virginia Militia fighting alongside the British during the French and Indian War. Washington’s dental problems likely started during this time. It was also about this time that he wrote to his brother that “I heard the bullets whistle, and, believe me there is something charming in the sound.”

But Washington had more than bullets and war on his mind. Washington at that time also wrote in his diary that he had paid five shillings to a “Doctor Watson” for the extraction of a tooth. During the war, Washington purchased dozens of toothbrushes, tooth powders and pastes, and tinctures of myrrh. Unfortunately for Washington, his dedication to his dental health did not prevent the dental suffering he would endure throughout his life.

In an attempt to both flatter Washington and thank him for liberating Boston from the British in 1776, John Hancock commissioned the great portrait artist Charles Willson Peale to produce a painting of Washington. Peale created a masterpiece that shows a scar on Washington’s left cheek, which is said to have resulted from an abscessed tooth.

Washington’s cousin, Lund Washington, served as the temporary manager of the Mount Vernon estate during the American Revolution. While George Washington was in Newburgh, New York on Christmas Day, 1782, he penned a letter to Lund.

In this letter, George Washington asked Lund to look into a drawer of his desk at Mount Vernon where he had placed two small front teeth. We do not know who the original owners of these two teeth were, but it could have been one of several slaves’ teeth that Washington purchased over the years. At this time, Washington’s dentist was Dr. Jean-Pierre Le Mayeur, who had many wealthy patients and was known for his practice of paying individuals for their healthy teeth to be used in the construction of dentures for his wealthy patients. Selling teeth to dentists was an accepted way of making money at the time.

At the time of Washington’s death, 317 slaves lived at Mount Vernon. A simple notation in the Mount Vernon plantation ledger books for 1784 may reveal the source of some of Washington’s denture teeth. The notation simply reads: “By cash pd Negroes for 9 Teeth on Acct of Dr. Lemoin.” (Lemoin is the same person as Le Mayeur.) Historians also do not know for certain whether those teeth ended up in Washington’s dentures.

A man of few teeth, and words

Washington’s dental health even affected his two presidential inaugurations. Washington first took the oath of office of the president of the United States on April 30, 1789 on the second-floor balcony of Federal Hall. At this time, Washington had only one natural tooth remaining.

Dr. John Greenwood was a well-known dentist who practiced in New York City. Dr. Greenwood made a denture for Washington in 1789. The denture was made from carved hippopotamus ivory, human teeth and brass nails – no wooden teeth! Dr. Greenwood made a hole in the denture so the denture would slip snugly over the one remaining tooth – his lower left first premolar – and provide some retention. This tooth would eventually need to be extracted by Dr. Greenwood, who placed this tooth into a locket attached to a pocket watch and chain. Both the locket and the denture now reside in Manhattan’s New York Academy of Medicine.

Washington was very self-conscious about his dentures and considered them to be a sign of weakness, which could be seen as a threat to the credibility of the youthful nation. So, rather than delivering the first inaugural address to the assembled masses lining the streets in front of Federal Hall, Washington retired to the privacy of the Senate chamber, where he delivered his address to the members of Congress.

On March 4, 1793, Washington delivered his second inaugural address in the Senate chamber of Congress Hall in Philadelphia, and his dentures were causing him much pain and difficulty. His speech is still the shortest inaugural address in history, lasting only two minutes and consisting of only 135 words – shorter even than Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address.

Bulging lips

Gilbert Stuart produced what would become the most well-recognized portrait of any American president to this day. Stuart, born in Rhode Island, lived in London and Dublin for 12 years, where he mastered the techniques which would produce over 1,100 portraits during his prolific career. Stuart returned to America with the intent of making his fortune by producing a portrait of the hero of the American Revolution, George Washington.

The only problem with Stuart’s ambitious plan was that he did not know Washington. However, a letter of introduction from Chief Justice John Jay led to Washington agreeing to sit for a session, in 1795, at Stuart’s Philadelphia studio. Washington’s face was sunken from the poor facial support provided by his ill-fitting dentures. Stuart placed cotton in Washington’s mouth, and the resulting portrait became known as the “Vaughan” portrait, as it was purchased by Samuel Vaughan, who was a London merchant and a close personal friend of Washington. Stuart went on to make 12 to 16 copies of the Vaughan painting, until Washington agreed to sit for another portrait.

In 1796, Washington sat for that other portrait, which became known as the “Athenaeum” portrait, a version of which appears today on the one-dollar bill. In this portrait, Stuart captured the bulge in Washington’s lips from his dentures, making his lips considerably swollen.

Myths and legends concerning all aspects of Washington’s life have become part of American lore, but even this iconic figure of American history could not escape the misery of poor dental health.

[ Deep knowledge, daily. Sign up for The Conversation’s newsletter. ]The Conversation

William Maloney, Clinical Associate Professor of Dentistry, New York University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.


Posted by: 2thdocbob | 16 February 2020

Fruits of the First Vision

This talk was given today in Crestline Ward. I love the Prophet Joseph Smith, and it was a blessing to talk about his experiences and how they have blessed me.

Dear brothers and sisters, it is always a privilege to visit with you in your beautiful mountain ward. I am grateful to be here to worship with you today.

I bring you love and greetings from President Garvin and his counselors. Brother Humphries and I are here by assignment today. I am grateful to have him as my speaking companion. We have known each other for many years, and I look up to him as a master teacher of the gospel of Jesus Christ.

I pray that the Spirit will be present this morning, so that both you and I may be edified.


In his closing remarks at last October Conference, President Russell M. Nelson gave us an assignment. Do you remember? He said “In the next six months, I hope that every member and every family will prepare for a unique conference that will commemorate the very foundations of the restored gospel.”[1] He continued: “Select your own questions. Design your own plan. Immerse yourself in the glorious light of the Restoration. As you do, general conference next April will be not only memorable; it will be unforgettable.”

I caution you that we should not be looking for something spectacular at General Conference in April, like a live broadcast from Adam-ondi-Ahman  or something of that sort. Why? Because I know from experience that when I am prepared for Conference, when I have been pondering gospel truths and seeking for answers to questions that are important to me, that is when Conference is memorable. When the Spirit speaks to me at General Conference, it is unforgettable.

I have learned from experience that I can be an instrument in God’s hands to answer others’ prayers for guidance when I seek the Spirit as I prepare my assigned talks. I have been humbled and deeply grateful when I learn of these instances. It has happened here in this chapel.

And if the Lord can work through someone like me, then he can certainly work through those whom we sustain as prophets, seers and revelators.

This is how Conferences become spiritual feasts. I testify that our Church leaders are inspired as they prepare their talks, and if we are also seeking inspiration, we will receive it.

President Nelson suggested to us that we “may wish to begin [our] preparation by reading afresh Joseph Smith’s account of the First Vision as recorded in the Pearl of Great Price.”

I have read and reread the first 26 verses of Joseph Smith-History in the Pearl of Great Price since the assignment was given. As I thought about it, my mind went back 43 years to my senior year in high school. We learned that we would have the opportunity to serve two-week missions that summer. Our Bishop made sure that each member of the Priest’s Quorum had a copy of the missionary discussions.

Our bishop assigned us to memorize the Joseph Smith story that was a part of the first discussion. As I walked home from school each day, I would pull out a notecard and work on memorizing the Joseph Smith story. As I reviewed this over and over and practiced reciting it day after day, the Spirit bore witness to me the Joseph’s experience was real. That had a profound impact on me that continues to this day.

Fast forward a year and a half to when I was in the Language Training Mission struggling to learn Dutch, and particularly struggling to learn the Joseph Smith story. After several days of frustration, the Lord blessed me with the gift of tongues. After that, I was able to learn it very quickly.

I want to make it very clear that my own mental efforts were not enough. The Lord made sure I understood that before he answered my prayers.

Once I was in the Netherlands, I would frequently review the story, especially when we were out on our bikes on our way to a distant contact. I often pondered what it would be like to actually converse with God, the Father, and His Son, Jesus Christ. What an amazing experience that must have been!

I am grateful that I have been able to recall these memories of some significant events in my life.

Because of these and other experiences, I have a strong witness that Joseph Smith is the Prophet of the Restoration. He was, and is a Prophet of God. He ushered in this final dispensation, and the Restoration, which began through his actions, continues today at an ever-increasing pace.

Why is this witness important? I invite you to think about how you would answer this question as I continue.

Let me share what stood out in my mind as I again pondered the account of the first vision.

First, Joseph lived in a time of “great confusion and strife” (v. 8). He reported that good feelings were “lost in a strife of words and a contest about opinions (v. 6). This led him to “serious reflection and great uneasiness” (v.8).

We, too live in a time of confusion and strife. This strife is religious, political, social, you name it. The wisdom of man has not provided solutions. Until we team up with our Heavenly Father, we will remain in confusion.

Do we follow Joseph’s example and seriously reflect? Do we turn to the scriptures for understanding? Do we seek the guidance of the Spirit?

Second, Joseph often asked himself “what is to be done” (v.10). He turned to the scriptures, and pondered them.

He said that when he read James 1:5 “If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him,”[2] it “seemed to enter with great force into every feeling of [his] heart” (v.11).

Joseph said he “reflected on it again and again” (v.12). This is the kind of scripture study that changes lives. He had a question, he turned to the scriptures, and he found a solution which led him to the answer.

Have you been touched in this way by a particular passage of scripture?

Third, Joseph made a plan and determined to take action. He decided to ask of God, even though he had never before prayed vocally. He decided where he would go to pray, and did it.

Fourth, Satan is real, and will do everything in his power to prevent our progress in God’s kingdom. Fortunately, his power is limited. And we know from revelation that our own choices limit his power.

When Joseph knelt to pray, he “was seized upon by some power which entirely overcame [him]” (v.15).

Sometimes there will be opposition to our righteous desires. Little things may come up that make it harder to study the gospel. It won’t often be just like Joseph experienced, when thick darkness gathered around him, but Satan will try to keep us from exercising our righteous desires.

Fifth, prayer is not passive. Joseph exerted all his powers to call upon God to deliver him (v.16).

Oliver Cowdery was taught “you have supposed that I would give it unto you, when you took no thought save it was to ask me.”[3]

Many of you have experienced this in your own lives as you have fervently prayed for yourself or for a loved one.

Sixth, Joseph recounted, “when the light rested upon me I saw two personages, whose brightness and glory defy all description, standing above me in the air” (v.17). God the Father and Jesus Christ are two distinct persons, with glorified bodies. Joseph saw two individuals, and each of them spoke to him in turn.

Joseph could also see that we are created in God’s image. This helped him, and also helps to us to understand our relationship with our Heavenly Father. Children do tend to look like their parents. And don’t we all hope to grow up to be like our heavenly parents?

Seventh, Joseph reported that “One of them spake unto me, calling me by name, and said, pointing to the other—This is My Beloved Son. Hear Him!” (v.17).

One of the most important doctrines Joseph learned is that God not only knew him, but he even knew his name.

If we truly understand this, we will feel enabled to resist temptations, and we will have the strength we need to get through the rough spots in our lives.

I testify that we are children of a loving Heavenly Father. He knows us. He loves us. He answers our prayers.

Eighth, we won’t have our prayers answered just as Joseph’s prayer was answered, but God does hear and answer our prayers.

Joseph received a very unexpected answer to his prayer. His question was “which church should I join?” His expectation was that he would be told which church to join, but instead he was told that all were wrong, which had never entered into his heart (v.18).

Faith in God means we can trust him to answer our prayers, but perhaps not how or when we had expected.

Elder Neal A. Maxwell commented: “Faith also includes trust in God’s timing, for He has said, ‘All things must come to pass in their time.[4]’”

But we know that our prayers will be answered by him who knows us best.

Ninth, along with prayers being answered, we learn of the reality of personal revelation. Personal revelation is available to each of us within our own stewardships.

I believe that personal revelation is the key to effective ministering. We cannot minister as the Lord would without inspiration from him.

The Come, Follow Me home study program invites us to receive personal revelation. So does the new Children and Youth Program.

Why is personal revelation so important? Our spiritual survival in the last days depends on our ability to be directed by the Lord in our actions rather than relying on our own wisdom or on others. The Holy Ghost can direct us better than Google ever will.

We need the words of prophets and apostles, stake presidents and bishops, but personal revelation can provide specific direction that can only come from the Lord.

Personal revelation can help us to be in the right place at the right time to help someone who needs us. It can help us to say the right things to someone who is struggling. It helps us to fulfill our covenants “to be called his people, and [to be] willing to bear one another’s burdens, that they may be light;
“Yea, and [to be] willing to mourn with those that mourn; yea, and comfort those that stand in need of comfort, and to stand as witnesses of God at all times and in all things, and in all places that [we] may be in.”[5]

I bear witness that the Lord is willing to give us the revelation we need if we will diligently seek it.

We have the assurance that we are children of a loving Heavenly Father who created us in His image, who loves all his children and hears and answers our prayers and will reveal his will to us.

These are some of the fruits of the First Vision. Many events have followed as the Lord restored his church to the earth.

The First Vision was the beginning of the Restoration. It was followed by translation of the Book of Mormon: Another Testament of Jesus Christ. During the translation, the priesthood was restored, with the authority of the Aaronic and Melchizedek Priesthood conferred again.

With priesthood authority on earth, the true Church of Jesus Christ was organized, providing the saving ordinances of baptism and the sacrament. Temples were built and priesthood keys were restored to the earth, including the keys of the gathering of Israel and the spirit of Elijah. Later on, temple ordinances were revealed, with the authority to create eternal families.

Additional revelations followed, in which glorious truths were revealed. Additional scriptures were published.

In our day, we saw the priesthood extended to all worthy men. We see the gospel being preached to nearly all nations, kindreds and tongues. We see temples dotting the earth and covenant blessings extended to the living and the dead. It is truly a marvelous work and a wonder.

And President Nelson assures us that the work is being hastened and that the restoration is not yet complete.

Brothers and sisters, we live in a glorious time. What a blessing it is to live in our day! Of course there are also many challenges associated with our day as well.

I am amazed to think that it all began with a teenage boy who had a simple question that he couldn’t answer on his own.

I testify that God the Father and His Son, Jesus Christ did indeed visit the boy Joseph Smith to usher in the restoration of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Joseph Smith was a prophet of God, and Russell M. Nelson is our living prophet today.

I pray that we will have the courage and commitment to follow the prophet in faith as we participate in the restoration of the gospel. In the name of Jesus Christ, Amen.

[1] Conference Report, Oct. 2019.

[2] James 1:5.

[3] Doctrine and Covenants 9:7.

[4] Doctrine and Covenants 64:32.

[5] Mosiah 18:8,9.

Posted by: 2thdocbob | 19 January 2020

Act in All Diligence

I spoke in Waterman Ward (my home ward) this morning and gave this message. As a second speaker in Rancho San Bernardino (Spanish) Ward, I gave a synopsis of this message.

I hope you sense the importance of magnifying your calling as you serve the Lord. When I excel in God’s work, I am doing it for His glory, and not for my own. I am grateful for the opportunities that I have to bring my offering of five loaves and two small fishes and to see Lord magnify them. It is a blessing to be about the Lord’s work.

I hope you find this message uplifting.

Dear brothers and sisters, I am grateful to stand before you today. I am grateful for the fellowship I have with you, and I am humbled as I consider the assigned topic today. As I speak about diligently magnifying our callings, please understand that I am preaching to myself first and to you second.

I bring you love and greetings from President Garvin and his counselors. They love you, and have expressed their appreciation for your countless acts of service.

I am here by assignment, and I pray that the Spirit will be with us as I speak so that you and I will understand those ideas that the Lord wants us to learn.

We opened our meeting with a favorite hymn.[1] It’s fun to sing, fun to play, and it has an important message for each of us.

Have you ever thought about what putting your shoulder to the wheel means? It means to give your full effort to the work you are doing. The phrase originated in the 1700’s in reference to pushing vehicles that were stuck. The pioneers certainly understood this metaphor. On my mission, I learned the Dutch translation of this phrase, which is to “stick your hand out of your sleeve.” That’s also an interesting image.

Here in the kingdom of God, we all have work to do. Every one of us has received a call from the Lord Jesus Christ to serve our brothers and sisters. Let no one shirk!

In October Conference, President Henry B. Eyring taught: “Your call began when you were placed into mortality, in a place and time chosen for you by a God who knows you perfectly and loves you … In the spirit world, He knew you and taught you and placed you where you would have the opportunity, rare in the history of the world, to be invited into a baptismal font.”[2]

Through baptism and confirmation, we became covenant sons and daughters of God. Our initial mortal covenant with God, made through baptism and confirmation, was to take upon ourselves the name of Jesus Christ, to keep his commandments, and to serve him.

President Eyring stated: “For each one who makes these covenants, the service that the Lord calls him or her to do will be suited perfectly to that person. The covenant daughters and sons of God, however, all share one important and joyful call. It is to serve others for Him.”[3]

This means that even if you do not currently hold a position in the Church, you still have a calling to serve Heavenly Father’s children.

We are called to assist Heavenly Father in His glorious mission, which he described to Moses: “For behold, this is my work and my glory—to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man.”[4]

Our calling is to assist the Father in exalting His children. That is a calling from which we cannot be released. After all, King Benjamin taught that “when ye are in the service of your fellow beings ye are only in the service of your God.”[5]

When we receive a calling, we may feel completely inadequate, or even overwhelmed. But I know with certainty that the Lord inspires his servants as they call us to serve in his kingdom. And he will inspire us as we strive to fulfill these responsibilities.

I know that if I serve faithfully in my calling, I will be able to touch the hearts of those that Heavenly Father has placed in my path. He will strengthen and inspire me to say and do what he would say or do if he were here. I have learned that if I do my part, I can rely on him to direct me. I am very grateful for that assurance.

Many of you know that the second High Council speaker (in the San Bernardino California Stake) is asked not to prepare a talk, but to speak by the Spirit. Many times as I sit on the stand as a second speaker, the meeting begins, and I have no idea what I should say. I feel somewhat like Nephi, who said “And I was led by the Spirit, not knowing beforehand the things which I should do.”[6] You might be inclined to panic a little in this situation. Through experience, I can sit calmly and wait on the Lord with confidence that the Spirit will direct me.

I mention this in all humility, because it is not due to any special ability I have; I recognize it as gift that has been given to help me to magnify my calling. The Lord is eager to assist us in doing his work.

We can learn from the example of Jacob, the brother of Nephi. In the first chapter of Jacob, he wrote:

“Wherefore we labored diligently among our people, that we might persuade them to come unto Christ, and partake of the goodness of God. …
“Wherefore I, Jacob, gave unto them these words as I taught them in the temple, having first obtained mine errand from the Lord.
“For I, Jacob, and my brother Joseph had been consecrated priests and teachers of this people, by the hand of Nephi.
“And we did magnify our office unto the Lord, taking upon us the responsibility, answering the sins of the people upon our own heads if we did not teach them the word of God with all diligence; wherefore, by laboring with our might their blood might not come upon our garments; otherwise their blood would come upon our garments, and we would not be found spotless at the last day.”[7]

There are three things we can learn from Jacob.

First, Jacob obtained his errand from the Lord. He was called, ordained, and assigned to speak to the people and to call them to repentance. He didn’t go of his own accord, but by assignment. And his assignment was neither easy nor pleasant.

Second, he labored diligently among the people. He gave it his full effort: he put his shoulder to the wheel.

Third, he magnified his office unto the Lord. He knew the cost of failing to magnify his calling, that it would affect his own salvation and well as the salvation of his people. He was willing to accept that serious responsibility to call the people to repentance.

It is significant to me that he magnified his calling “unto the Lord.” He didn’t serve for personal glory or desire for attention. He served for the Lord.

What does it mean to magnify one’s calling? To magnify is to enlarge, to make clearer, or to strengthen. I believe that there are expectations attached to each of our callings and assignments, and by magnifying these callings, we are living up to the Lord’s expectations.

When we magnify our calling, we do not worry about praise, thanks or recognition. We serve to honor our Heavenly Father, and to bless His children.

On those rare occasions when we do receive praise or recognition for our service, we humbly acknowledge the kind words, and remember with gratitude the giver of our talents, our Eternal Father, who enables us to magnify our callings as part of the covenants we have made with him.

President Eyring taught us: “The Lord, out of love, does not leave us the choice of the timing, duration, or sequence of our assignments. Yet you know from scripture and living prophets that all of these assignments will come, either in this life or in the next, to every [son and] daughter of God. And all of them are preparation for eternal life in loving families— “the greatest of all the gifts of God”. (D&C 14:7)”[8]

Most of our callings are for a limited time. Our callings to minister to our brothers and sisters may entail changes in assignments, but we will never be released from our calls to minister to one another. Other callings, such as father and mother, son and daughter, also do not afford us the opportunity of a release. They extend into the eternities.

How do we magnify our callings?

First, we must understand the expectations for that calling or assignment. The leader who extends the calling should explain basic duties and help us to find resources to assist us in learning and fulfilling our responsibility. That leader should help us to understand the line of authority involved in the calling. Knowing who to report to is crucial in our service.

Our file leaders bear part of the responsibility to train us, but we cannot neglect our personal obligation to prayerfully study and ponder our duties.

Know your duty.

Second, we must be obedient if we want to obtain the Lord’s blessings in our callings. My mission president frequently reminded us that Enoch’s blessings came as a result of personal righteousness. We will see miracles if we are worthy.

Keep the commandments.

Third, along with training and personal study, we have access to the guidance of the Holy Ghost as we serve. It doesn’t get better than that. If we seek the Spirit’s guidance, we can have our own personal tutor on call to help us in our covenant responsibilities.

Seek the Spirit.

Fourth, we must take action. Acting in faith is the key to success in the Lord’s kingdom. My father in law used to say, “Do something, even if it’s wrong.” If we do our best to honor our covenants by acting in faith, we can seldom go wrong.

Go and do.

Fifth, every calling involves working with people. And not just any old people, but Heavenly Father’s children! Think of that, He trusts you and me to help His own children return to Him!

It may not be obvious to many of you, but I am a shy, quiet person. I feel awkward in many social situations. It often takes great effort for me to reach out and greet others, and to know what to say.

Let me share two important things I have learned as I have served in various callings over the years. The first is that I love each of you. I hope you have felt that. Love makes all the difference.

When we lived in another ward, I was often called on to help pass the sacrament. As I passed the tray with the bread to one row, I felt a strong sense of the Savior’s love for each of them, and I felt that love myself, too. I have since felt the same thing in other wards.

The other thing I have learned is that when I have the Spirit with me, I feel eager to reach out to others. That was an important insight to me.

Love those whom you serve.

Sixth is to endure patiently. Even when you have the Spirit with you and love those whom you serve, there will be challenges. There are things the Lord expects us to learn by overcoming challenges, just as He did. Working through these challenges with the Lord’s help will teach us things that we cannot learn in other ways.

With few exceptions, one day, a release will come, and new calling will be extended. If you have served with diligence, this will be a time of sadness mixed with gratitude for having served.

Endure to the end.

To summarize, magnifying our callings requires:

First, know your duty;
Second, keep the commandments;
Third, seek the Spirit;
Fourth, go and do;
Fifth, love those whom you serve;
And sixth, endure to the end.

We have heard repeatedly from President Nelson that the Lord is hastening his work. If we desire to keep pace with the Lord’s work, we need to be committed to magnifying our callings.

At the end of Section 107 are a pair of verses that have been on my mind for nearly 50 years:

“Wherefore, now let every man learn his duty, and to act in the office in which he is appointed, in all diligence.
“He that is slothful shall not be counted worthy to stand, and he that learns not his duty and shows himself not approved shall not be counted worthy to stand. Even so. Amen.”[9]

I pray that we will all be counted worthy to stand in the Lord’s kingdom when he returns to the earth.

I testify that this is his work. This is the true Church of Jesus Christ, and he directs his Church through a living prophet, President Russell M. Nelson.

I testify that as we serve, we are preparing ourselves and those around us for life with our Heavenly Father.

I pray that we may enjoy these blessings together, in the sacred name of Jesus Christ, amen.

[1] Put Your Shoulder to the Wheel. Hymns, 1985, 252.

[2] Covenant Women in Partnership with God. Eyring, HB. Ensign, Nov. 2019: 70-73.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Pearl of Great Price. Moses 1:39.

[5] The Book of Mormon: Another Testament of Christ. Mosiah 2:17.

[6] Ibid. 1 Nephi 4:6.

[7] Ibid. Jacob 1:8, 17-19.

[8] Eyring. Op cit. (Additions are mine.)

[9] Doctrine and Covenants 107:99-100

Posted by: 2thdocbob | 30 December 2019

How you know when a new day has dawned in 2020

The following is an opinion piece in the Deseret News written by Boyd Matheson, Deseret News Opinion Editor. In the past, Mr. Matheson has kindly encouraged me to share his articles, with proper attribution.

I am sharing this because his sentiments resonated strongly with me. As we approach a new year and a new decade, there is a serious need for understanding and civility. If each of us were willing to say “Let it begin with me,” we could initiate major change in the world.

But Matheson says it better than I do.

The original article may be found here.


Turning the calendar to the new year provides an opportunity to start a new day for the nation. On many of the important policy issues, the country seems to be divided 50-50, yet it is also apparent that vast majority of people are troubled by, and tired of, the incivility, divisiveness and contempt currently on display in America. Most would welcome in the dawning of a brighter, better day for all.

The country is weary. Washington and the national media only seem capable of making it worse. It is important to note that there are good people on both sides of the political aisle who are earnestly striving for the hard-fought and patiently nurtured positive solutions our nation desperately needs. Sadly, far too many have succumbed to the path of least resistance — the red-meat rhetoric of the extremes, the obsessive focus on fundraising and futile fights designed to produce social media moments. It is little wonder as to why so many Americans are so exhausted.

I regularly remind readers and listeners, along with professionals from every field, that in most endeavors we run out of energy long before we run out of opportunity. Weariness is always the enemy of good people who desire to do good.

Overcoming the nation’s weariness and creating a positive future for America will — like most worthy undertakings — require each of us to rekindle our commitment to community and reframe the way we see all the individuals we interact with each day.

I remain hopeful that the country can turn the calendar from what has felt like a long dark night in 2019 to a new day that will dawn for the country in 2020. There are many big things that must be done, but the dawn of a new day will begin with small and seemingly insignificant acts by individuals.

Many years ago I heard a story that may hold part of the answer for America. A Jewish rabbi sat enjoying the sunrise with two of his friends. The rabbi asked one of the men, “How do you know when the night is over and a new day has begun?”

One friend replied, “When you can look into the east and can distinguish a sheep from a goat, then you know the night is over and the day has begun.” The second man was asked the same question by the rabbi and replied, “When you can look into the distance and distinguish an olive tree from a fig tree, then you know the darkness of the night is past and a new morning has come.”

The two friends then asked the rabbi how he could tell when the night was over and the day had begun. The rabbi thought for a long time and then said, “When you can look into the east and see the face of a woman and you can say, ‘She is my sister.’ And when you can look into the east and see the face of a man and can say, ‘He is my brother.’ Then you know the light of a new day has come.”

The night of weariness ends and the new day for our country begins with kindness and with treating each other, especially the stranger and the struggling, like brothers and sisters.

On the dark night after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., Bobby Kennedy stepped onto the back of a truck to address an already weary crowd. He acknowledged the devastating darkness of the night, then invited his listeners to join him in creating a new dawn. He said, “What we need in the United States is not division; what we need in the United States is not hatred; what we need in the United States is not violence and lawlessness, but love, and wisdom, and compassion toward one another.”

What we need2

I have been lifted and inspired by many unexpected and unlikely friendships during 2019. Each began with someone seeing me as a brother before identifying me as anything else. Race, religion, background, political leaning, education and profession had no bearing on the beginning of the relationship. It was simply a new a day, launched in the recognition of, “he is my brother.” It is worth repeating the simple reality that we are all brothers and sisters. Weariness evaporates as the mist before the morning sun, and the rejuvenating hope of good things to come rises with clarity in the rays of that kind of light.

We have much to do to move the country forward. Many difficult conversations will be required, authentic leadership will be needed and the engagement of every citizen will be essential. We can start, however by recognizing that when we dispense with the wearying darkness of division and demeaning contempt, we will see the faces, not of foes, but of friends — truly of brothers and sisters. When we do, weariness can be washed away, and a new day for us, and for them, can dawn. Morning will come to America, but it is up to each of us to help usher in the light of a new day.

Posted by: 2thdocbob | 18 August 2019

Being Truly Converted

I spoke this morning in the Rancho San Bernardino Ward, hence the testimony in Spanish at the end. I am always grateful for those who step up to translate for me. 

Good morning, dear brothers and sisters. It is always a blessing to worship with you and to feel of your love and strength. I am here by assignment from President Garvin, and I bring you his love and greetings.

As we have studied Come, Follow Me in our homes this year, we have had the opportunity to walk with the Savior and to know him better. I hope that we have also gained a desire to become more like him. That is truly why we are here on earth in this mortal life; it is why we meet here to worship Jesus Christ and to renew our covenants.

Through our studies, we have also become acquainted with Christ’s disciples, especially his chief apostle, Peter.

In an important moment, Jesus asked his disciples “Whom say ye that I am?”

Peter responded with conviction: “thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

“And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-jona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven” (Matthew 16:15–17).

From this conversation, we learn that a testimony is personal knowledge of spiritual truth obtained by revelation. Think of that! We have the right to receive personal revelation from the Holy Ghost. A testimony is a gift from God, and it is available to all of His children.

The Book of Mormon tells us that we can receive revelation if we ask with a sincere heart, with real intent, and faith in Christ. (see Moroni 10:3-5).

In our studies, we joined the Savior with his disciples at the Last Supper, where he said to Peter:

“Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to … sift you as wheat:

“But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren” (Luke 22:31–32).

What did Jesus mean when he said this? Peter had walked and talked with him. He had witnessed many miracles and heard his teachings. Wasn’t that enough?

No. Even Peter needed to be taught about the converting and sanctifying power of the Holy Ghost. Remember that they had not yet received the gift of the Holy Ghost and had no experience with it.

The gospel of Jesus Christ, and the plan of salvation, go beyond just having a testimony. To truly follow Christ requires a permanent change in our natures, made possible through the Atonement of Jesus Christ. Elder Bednar taught us that: “True conversion brings a change in one’s beliefs, heart, and life to accept and conform to the will of God (see Acts 3:193 Nephi 9:20) and includes a conscious commitment to become a disciple of Christ”. (CR, Oct 2012)

True conversion enlarges our testimonies, just as a growing tree sinks its roots deep into the soil for nourishment and stability (see Alma 32). Conversion comes through revelation from God, which leads us to continue to repent, and to be obedient and diligent in living the gospel. Alma spoke of the “mighty change of heart,” and of being “spiritually born of God” (see Alma 5:12-14).

If we will honor the ordinances and covenants of salvation and exaltation (see D&C 20:25), “press forward with a steadfastness in Christ” (2 Nephi 31:20), and endure in faith to the end (see D&C 14:7), we will become new creatures in Christ (see 2 Corinthians 5:17), and we will be prepared to live with our Father in Heaven, enjoying the wonderful blessings he promises us.

Amaleki testified: “I would that ye should come unto Christ, who is the Holy One of Israel, and partake of his salvation, and the power of his redemption. Yea, come unto him, and offer your whole souls as an offering unto him” (Omni 1:26).

King Benjamin’s people responded to his teaching by exclaiming, “Yea, we believe all the words which thou hast spoken unto us; and also, we know of their surety and truth, because of the Spirit of the Lord Omnipotent, which has wrought a mighty change in us, or in our hearts, that we have no more disposition to do evil, but to do good continually” (Mosiah 5:2). Accepting his words, gaining a testimony of their truthfulness, and exercising faith in Christ produced a mighty change of heart and a firm determination to improve and become better.

Samuel the Lamanite spoke of the converted Lamanites who were “striving with unwearied diligence that they may bring the remainder of their brethren to the knowledge of the truth” (Helaman 15:5–6). Do you recognize what they were doing? They were ministering!

Having a testimony is important. But testimony is the starting point in our journey to eternal life; it is not the destination.

Elder Bednar taught that: “Testimony alone is not and will not be enough to protect us in the latter-day storm of darkness and evil in which we are living. Testimony is important and necessary but not sufficient to provide the spiritual strength and protection we need” (CR, Oct 2012).

Doesn’t this make you think of what President Nelson said in Conference last year? “But in coming days, it will not be possible to survive spiritually without the guiding, directing, comforting, and constant influence of the Holy Ghost” (CR, Apr 2018).

Samuel the Lamanite identified five basic elements in becoming converted unto the Lord:

(1) believing in the teachings and prophecies of the holy prophets as they are recorded in the scriptures,
(2) exercising faith in the Lord Jesus Christ,
(3) repenting,
(4) experiencing a mighty change of heart, and (5) becoming “firm and steadfast in the faith” (see Helaman 15:7–8).

This is the pattern that leads to conversion.

Once we experience this mighty change of heart, we will feel a strong desire to minister to our brothers and sisters who are not enjoying the blessings of the gospel right now. We will desire with all our hearts to help them return to full fellowship in the Church.

Continuing conversion must come from a willing heart. We must feel the desire to be true followers of Jesus Christ and to walk in His footsteps. We are free to choose to follow Jesus or to be left behind.

Knowing that the gospel is true is the essence of a testimony. Being true to the gospel is the essence of conversion.

We should know the gospel is true and be true to the gospel.

Yo testifico que ésta es la iglesia verdadera de Jesúcristo. Yo sé que Russell M. Nelson es nuestro profeta viviente hoy. Él habla con dios.

Yo testifico que Díos vive. Él nos ama. Jesucristo es nuestro Salvador y redentor.

De eso les testifico, en el nombre sagrado de Jesucristo, amen.


Posted by: 2thdocbob | 28 July 2019

Blessed, Honored Pioneers

The following approximates the talk I gave in Highlands Ward this morning. My assignment was to speak without text for ten minutes, which I did. This is a reconstruction of my talk, as I remember it. The exception is the poem Jacob Peart, Sr. wrote, which was added this afternoon as I fact-checked my story for accuracy. It was not part of my talk.

I am profoundly grateful for the sacrifices of my ancestors to embrace the true restored gospel of Jesus Christ, regardless of personal cost. I am also deeply grateful to my parents, grandparents, and my Uncle Donald Peart, who invested countless hours (and shekels) to search out our family history.

When I was turning twelve, I had already developed an interest in family history. My Uncle Don, who had been deeply involved in research, sent my a copy of my four-generation family group sheets along with a short letter, which made a deep impression on me. He encouraged me in my interest in family history, and then wrote that he was sharing a thought that he hoped would come to mean as much to me as it has to him: “No one shall know my ancestors better than I.”

That thought has stuck with me all these years. As I read and retell the stories  of my pioneer ancestors, I am thankful for all he did. When my dad retired, he and mom began compiling family histories, complete with photos and documents. Each Christmas I looked forward to receiving another CD full of new information. Last year, my dad handed me one, and told me “this is the last one.”

I am deeply grateful for our shared pioneer heritage. Whether you come from pioneer stock, or share the heritage as a member of The Church of Jesus Christ, you are a part of the pioneer heritage. And those of you who are first and second generation members of the Church are certainly pioneers, as you blaze new trails in your own lives. In many ways, you are experiencing many of the same challenges that our pioneer ancestors faced.

In a sense, aren’t we all pioneers, as we face new challenges and opportunities in our lives? President Hinckley has said that the challenges we face today are no less difficult than those the pioneers of last century had to face. And I sometimes think I would rather deal with crossing the plains than with many of the challenges of modern life.

I have felt prompted to share some of the life of Jacob Peart, Sr., my third great grandfather. Jacob was born and lived in Alston, Cumberland, England, an area with many sheep farms, and metal mining.

Jacob Peart Sr_edited-1

As we know, the first missionaries came to England in 1837. One of the missionaries, Isaac Russell, felt inspired to share the gospel with relatives who lived up the coast from Liverpool. He shared the restored gospel with his cousin Jacob Peart, who, with his family members who were of age, were among the first converts to the restored gospel of Jesus Christ. He was a faithful member in the Alston Branch.

When the Brethren returned to America, Jacob was assigned to watch over the Branch (Branch President) and to assist the members in their preparations to migrate to America. Eventually, in 1841, Jacob Peart, Sr. along with his wife and six children, left heir homeland for Zion. Within a few months of their arrival, Jacob’s wife passed away, followed in the next 18 months by their four daughters. About a year later, a son also passed away, leaving Jacob, Jr. as the only surviving child. The records state that he, too, became very ill, but was healed by “the power of faith.,” under the administration of the Prophet Joseph.

Jacob, Sr. was a poet, and wrote the following about the loss of his beloved Elizabeth:

“In Joseph’s city lies.
Deep in the earth’s cold bed.
The partner of my youth.
There numbered with the dead.

“Her heart was full of love.
While actions graced her soul;
Truth was the language of her heart.
And all her ways control,

“Her love to me was great;
I never shall forget;
Though heaven and earth shall pass away,
I will remember yet.

“How lovely and how pure
Sweet and serene her mind.
Her duties, cheerful to perform,
Was ever her design.

“The time is rolling round.
When we again shall meet;
With everlasting glory crowned.
And happiness complete.”

In spite of this great loss, he did not complain, nor did he lose faith in the gospel. He wrote: “These Bereavements were great trials to me, but I knew the work of God was true, and I was at all times ready to say thy will be done.” Can you imagine bearing a loss like this with such courage?

Both Jacob, Sr. and Jacob, Jr. recorded the day the bodies of Joseph and Hyrum were returned to Nauvoo, and the great sorrow that was felt as the wagon traveled down the street. Jacob, Jr., at eight years old, was deeply touched seeing the bodies of these great men, a memory which he carried for the remainder of his life.

At the age of eight, Jacob, Jr. witnessed the Elders baptizing in the Mississippi River. He requested baptism and became a full-fledged member of the Church.

When the Saints were expelled from Nauvoo, many of the men and boys sought work outside of Nauvoo to raise badly needed funds for the trek west. Jacob, Sr., went to St. Joseph, Missouri to work and to get outfitted to go west with the Vanguard Company, the first company of pioneers in 1847. A severe storm delayed his journey, and he arrived in Winter Quarters three days late for the departure. Jacob gave away all his provisions, and went back to work. The two Jacobs, with Jacob, Sr.’s new wife, went to Salt Lake City in 1848, in the Brigham Young company.

There, he remained a faithful member of the Church. He was said to have been reliable and respected. He died in Jacob, Jr.’s home in 1874.

As a young adult, Jacob, Jr. was called to the Cotton Mission in Southern Utah. While there, he did something that suggests one the sources of my own sense of humor. He sat atop one of the bluffs south of what is now Saint George, tending sheep. He had plenty of time for reflection, and we believe that the irony of his position struck him. He had been called to grow cotton, and there he sat raising wool, instead.

One day, he climbed onto the sandstone face of the bluff and carved into the sandstone “I was set here to rais cotton” [sic]. This was accompanied by a picture of a cotton tree, and a head, presumably Brigham Young’s.

Jacob, Jr. was also a faithful member, who remained true to his covenants.

I pray that we may all remain faithful to our covenants, in spite of the challenges that may confront us.

I testify that as we remain true and strive to follow the Savior, we will enjoy blessings that are wonderful beyond anything we can imagine.

In the name of Jesus Christ, Amen.

Posted by: 2thdocbob | 15 July 2019

Men Literally Died for That Flag, You Idiots

Call me an old Patriot. Call me naïve. Call me what you want. But I still stand for Old Glory. I still get a tear in my eye when I play or sing the National Anthem. I have never associated our flag or our National Anthem with slavery. I associate them with the freedoms we enjoy here in this great land.

The freedom to earn a good living. The freedom to worship my God according to the dictates of my conscience. The freedom to travel and see this beautiful country. The freedom to say dumb things now and then. The freedom to listen to good music. And many other freedoms that we enjoy. People with the requisite talent enjoy the freedom to become incredibly wealthy by playing games. The freedom to enjoy civil discourse as we discuss concepts of importance to us.

And I pray that no one will use these freedoms to tear down this great nation.

I read this commentary from the National Review and thought it was worth sharing. Civil comments only. You can read the original article here.

Men Literally Died for That Flag, You Idiots





They risked everything for it, not for some idea or abstraction but for the piece of fabric itself.The American flag’s place in our culture is beginning to look less unassailable.

The symbol itself is under attack, as we’ve seen with Nike dumping a shoe design featuring an early American flag, Megan Rapinoe defending her national-anthem protests (she says she will never sing the song again), and protesters storming an ICE facility in Aurora, Colo., and replacing the U.S. flag with a Mexican flag.

U.S. soccer had a pretty good statement a while back setting out, in response to Rapinoe, why it has an expectation that players will stand during the national anthem (which, of course, is all about the flag):

Representing your country is a privilege and honor for any player or coach that is associated with U.S. Soccer’s National Team. Therefore, our national anthem has particular significance for U.S. Soccer. In front of national and often global audiences, the playing of our national anthem is an opportunity for our Men’s and Women’s National Team players and coaches to reflect upon the liberties and freedom we all appreciate in this country.

(Rapinoe called the sentiment “cowardly.”)

The U.S. soccer statement could have added that men have fought for the flag, and not just in the sense of fighting under it as members of the U.S. armed services. Our troops have literally fought for the flag, for its physical advance and preservation. This is the story of color sergeants during the Civil War.

Color sergeants carried the flag —typically, both the U.S. flag and the regimental flag — into battle, and not a weapon. They depended for protection on the color guard, a small contingent of troops dedicated to the task. The flag, held aloft and leading the way, was important as a matter of tactics (to mark the location of the unit in the confusion of battle), of morale (to provide a rallying point for the troops), and of devotion and honor (to lose the flag to the enemy was a deep disgrace).

Needless to say, this was hazardous duty that demanded the utmost bravery and dedication. According to Michael Corcoran in his book on the flag, For Which It Stands, the 24th Michigan Regiment lost nine color bearers on the first day of Gettysburg alone.

The commander of the the Sixth Wisconsin Infantry Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Rufus Dawes described his unit’s charge at Gettysburg:

Any correct picture of this charge would represent a V-shaped crowd of men with the colors at the advance point, moving firmly and hurriedly forward, while the whole field behind is streaming with men who had been shot, and who are struggling to the rear or sinking in death upon the ground. The only commands I gave, as we advanced, were, “Align on the colors! Close up on that color! Close up on that color!” The regiment was being broken up so that this order alone could hold the body together. Meanwhile the colors were down upon the ground several times, but were raised at once by the heroes of the color guard. Not one of the guard escaped, every man being killed or wounded.

Corcoran notes of the inception of the Medal of Honor during the Civil War: “Nearly one thousand of the medals were awarded and, in a great many cases, they were bestowed upon men who had carried the Stars and Stripes into battle or who captured Confederate flags.”

Consider a few examples. There’s John Gregory Bishop Adams, awarded the Medal of Honor for his conduct with the 19th Massachusetts Infantry at Fredericksburg. As the citation recounted, he “seized the 2 colors from the hands of a corporal and a lieutenant as they fell mortally wounded, and with a color in each hand advanced across the field to a point where the regiment was reformed on those colors.”

There’s John Gilmore, awarded the Medal of Honor “for extraordinary heroism on 3 May 1863, while serving with 16th New York Infantry, in action at Salem Heights, Fredericksburg, Virginia. Major Gilmore seized the colors of his regiment and gallantly rallied his men under a very severe fire.”

There’s William Carney, the first black serviceman to perform an act deemed worthy of the Medal of Honor, who saved the flag during the doomed but valorous assault on Fort Wagner in South Carolina.

Part of the famous Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts Colored Regiment, the exploits of which were depicted in the movie Glory, Carney saved the flag when the unit’s flag-bearer was wounded and, despite getting shot up himself, kept it aloft. He supposedly said when he finally turned the flag over to his comrades, “Boys, I only did my duty; the old flag never touched the ground!” 

There are countless such stories of men risking everything, not for the idea of the flag or any abstraction but for the actual piece of fabric itself.

Ancient history, you say? Regardless, the sacrifice and blood of these men are inextricably caught up in the meaning and moral status of the American flag. The historical illiteracy of those who protest it is perhaps understandable and on some level forgivable; their rank ingratitude and disrespect are not.

Rich Lowry is the editor of National Review. He can be reached via email: 

I share this post with deep gratitude to Rich Lowry for writing it. I appreciate his insights.

Posted by: 2thdocbob | 19 May 2019

The Power of the Priesthood

This talk was given this morning in Lake Arrowhead Ward and in Running Springs Branch. I love visiting their little chapel in the mountains, and seeing so many good friends. We had a little winter storm with some snow flurries up on the mountain, and dense fog. It was a beautiful day!

In this talk, I share some inspired feelings about the priesthood and its power and authority. I am very grateful for the authority that God shares with us, and for the power that he has given to exalt his children.

One hundred ninety years ago, the spring was cool and wet, clear into May. Because of the weather, farmers around Harmony, Pennsylvania were delayed putting in their crops. This delay allowed Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery to make significant progress in their translation of the plates.

They had come to an account of what happened among the Nephites and Lamanites when Jesus died in Jerusalem. It told of the great destruction that occurred when Christ was crucified.

They read that the voice of Jesus Christ pierced the gloom. “Will ye not now return unto me,” He asked, “and repent of your sins, and be converted, that I may heal you?”[1] Then the Savior dispersed the darkness.

While the people marveled, they saw the Son of God descend out of heaven. “I am Jesus Christ,” He said, “whom the prophets testified shall come into the world.”[2] He stayed among them for a time, taught His gospel, and commanded them to be baptized by immersion for the remission of sins.

“Whoso believeth in me, and is baptized, the same shall be saved,” He declared. “They are they who shall inherit the kingdom of God.”[3] Before ascending to heaven, He gave righteous men authority to baptize those who believed in Him.[4]

As they translated, Joseph and Oliver were struck by these teachings. Like his brother Alvin, Joseph had never been baptized, and he wanted to know more about the ordinance and the authority necessary to perform it.

On May 15, 1829, the rains cleared, and Joseph and Oliver walked into the woods near the Susquehanna River. Joseph wrote:

“While we were … praying and calling upon the Lord, a messenger from heaven [who introduced himself as John] descended in a cloud of light, and having laid his hands upon us, he ordained us, saying:

Upon you my fellow servants, in the name of Messiah, I confer the Priesthood of Aaron, which holds the keys of the ministering of angels, and of the gospel of repentance, and of baptism by immersion for the remission of sins; and this shall never be taken again from the earth until the sons of Levi do offer again an offering unto the Lord in righteousness.

He said this Aaronic Priesthood had not the power of laying on hands for the gift of the Holy Ghost, but that this should be conferred on us hereafter; and he commanded us to go and be baptized, and gave us directions that I should baptize Oliver Cowdery, and that afterwards he should baptize me.

Accordingly we went and were baptized. I baptized him first, and afterwards he baptized me—after which I laid my hands upon his head and ordained him to the Aaronic Priesthood, and afterwards he laid his hands on me and ordained me to the same Priesthood—for so we were commanded.[5]

At some point later, Peter, James and John appeared to Joseph and Oliver and conferred the Melchizedek Priesthood upon them. Additional authority came on April 3, 1836, when Moses, Elias and Elijah conferred priesthood keys on Joseph and Oliver.

With these visits, all the authority necessary for salvation and exaltation had been restored to the earth.

I testify to you that the priesthood authority is here, in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and that we are privileged to exercise priesthood power daily, through obedience to God Law.

All of us who have been in Primary recall that “We believe in the same organization that existed in the Primitive Church, namely, apostles, prophets, pastors,
teachers, evangelists, and so forth”.[6]

I hope you have felt that priesthood power as you have had hands laid on your head for a blessing or an ordinance of whatever type it may be. I hope you have had the opportunity to feel the spirit, the peace, and the power that accompanies these blessings.

I testify with deep gratitude that this power and this authority is real. I have felt God’s strengthening power both in giving and receiving priesthood blessings, and I have seen miracles happen.

Now, let us step back and look at what the priesthood is, and why this restoration was necessary.

We know that the priesthood is the power and authority given to man to act in God’s name on the earth for the salvation of His children. The priesthood is given to us as a part of Heavenly Father’s plan. Without priesthood authority to perform the saving ordinances of the gospel, we could not return to Heavenly Father’s presence.

Joseph Smith recorded that during the “first vision,” the Lord told him that the churches at that time had “a form of godliness, but they den[ied] the power thereof”[7]

With the scattering and death of Christ’s original apostles, priesthood authority, and particularly the authority to direct the priesthood, was lost. And so a restoration was necessary.

When John the Baptist restored the Aaronic Priesthood, he informed Joseph and Oliver that “he acted under the direction of Peter, James, and John,” who were stewards of this greater authority and that the power to give the gift of the Holy Ghost “should in due time be conferred on [them]”[8]

The Lord also refers to this authority in Section 27, when he speaks of:

“Peter, and James, and John, whom I have sent unto you, by whom I have ordained you and confirmed you to be apostles, and especial witnesses of my name, and bear the keys of your ministry and of the same things which I revealed unto them;”[9]

Have you noticed what this verse says about priesthood authority? The Lord says “I have ordained you by hand of Peter, James and John.” A worthy priesthood holder acts in Christ’s stead as he functions in his priesthood calling. For that matter, any worthy member acts in the Christ’s stead as he or she functions in his or her calling.

Do you understand the significance of that? As you serve in your callings, having been set apart by one holding authority, you are functioning in the place of the Savior, as if he were here himself. If you understand that, you will recognize that there are no unimportant callings in the Church.

When I speak, I am sent by authority, and commissioned to teach what the Savior would have me teach you. No more “dry council” speakers; we are on the Lord’s errand. This is something I take very seriously, and I pray continually that I will know what the Lord wants me to share with you.

We can trace our priesthood authority back to the Savior himself. [refer to my line of authority]. Each priesthood holder can receive his line of authority, either from the priesthood holder who ordained him to his current priesthood office, or by requesting it through

Because the priesthood is God’s power, there are principles that govern its use. These governing principles come from our Heavenly Father, whose authority it is.

The Lord has told us:

“the rights of the priesthood are inseparably connected with the powers of heaven, and … the powers of heaven cannot be controlled nor handled only upon the principles of righteousness”[10].

Who exercises these rights? Every one of us who has a calling in the Church. Think of that as I read the next verse. It applies most particularly to ordained priesthood holders, but it can be extended to all who have been called to serve.

He continues:

” That [the rights] may be conferred upon us, it is true; but when we undertake to cover our sins, or to gratify our pride, our vain ambition, or to exercise control or dominion or compulsion upon the souls of the children of men, in any degree of unrighteousness, behold, the heavens withdraw themselves; the Spirit of the Lord is grieved; and when it is withdrawn, Amen to the priesthood or the authority of that man.”[11].

All who exercise priesthood authority in any form must adhere to these guidelines.

In other words, we must strive to be like God to effectively exercise the authority he has given to us. What are the principles of righteousness? Keep the commandments. Repent. Love God. Love one another. Avoid pride.

When I consider the great trust the Father has placed in me in sharing a portion of His authority, I am humbled and grateful. I do not feel proud, but unworthy of this great gift. It feels overwhelming at times.

We should never take this responsibility lightly. I wish I had gained a better understanding of this as an Aaronic Priesthood holder as a youth. I did not fully appreciate the rights and powers that were bestowed upon me as a boy. If I had understood better, I might have shown more respect for the sacred honor that was entrusted to me. I might have taken my duties more seriously.

It is important to discuss the rights and responsibilities of the priesthood in family councils, and at significant family events, many of which are connected to sacred saving ordinances.

We can look to Abrahams’s example of obedience. We read in Genesis that:

“He believed in the Lord; and he counted it to him for righteousness”[12].

And “in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice”[13].

God trusted Abraham because he obeyed his voice, and we enjoy the blessings of his obedience.

We gain some important insights from Abraham’s writings:

“And, finding there was greater happiness and peace and rest for me, I sought for the blessings of the fathers, and the right whereunto I should be ordained to administer the same; having been myself a follower of righteousness, desiring also to be one who possessed great knowledge, and to be a greater follower of righteousness, and to possess a greater knowledge, and to be a father of many nations, a prince of peace, and desiring to receive instructions, and to keep the commandments of God, I became a rightful heir, a High Priest, holding the right belonging to the fathers.” [To me, this is a very powerful verse. Abraham was not satisfied with a life without progression: he desired something better for himself and for his posterity.]

It was conferred upon me from the fathers; it came down from the fathers, from the beginning of time, yea, even from the beginning, or before the foundation of the earth, down to the present time, even the right of the firstborn, or the first man, who is Adam, or first father, through the fathers unto me.” [Abraham knew where his authority came from.]

I sought for mine appointment unto the Priesthood according to the appointment of God unto the fathers concerning the seed.”[14]

As Abraham’s seed, we should follow his example. As great as Abraham was, he desired to be a greater follower of righteousness. He also sought greater knowledge, and look what happened: Heavenly Father taught him astronomy! (among other important things). He desired to receive instructions, presumably relative to his responsibilities, and also to keep the commandments.

Please note that Abraham also “sought for his appointment unto the Priesthood: he desired a calling.

The experience of Nephi, not the one in the beginning of the Book of Mormon, but the one in the middle, in the Book of Helaman, is also instructive. Nephi had been imprisoned because of his absolute commitment to the gospel of Jesus Christ, and found himself freed.

The important lesson for us comes as he walks home alone. And isn’t that so often the case when we stand up for the truth? Righteous living can be lonely at times.

Nephi was pondering the wickedness of the people and he even felt depressed (although the scriptures say that he was “much cast down”[15], and this probably sounds nicer than depressed). We discover

“it came to pass as he was thus pondering in his heart, behold, a voice came unto him saying:

Blessed art thou, Nephi, for those things which thou hast done; for I have beheld how thou hast with unwearyingness declared the word, which I have given unto thee, unto this people. And thou hast not feared them, and hast not sought thine own life, but hast sought my will, and to keep my commandments.

And now, because thou hast done this with such unwearyingness, behold, I will bless thee forever; and I will make thee mighty in word and in deed, in faith and in works; yea, even that all things shall be done unto thee according to thy word, for thou shalt not ask that which is contrary to my will”[16].

The lesson for us is that Nephi served the Lord with “unwearyingness”. In fact, we get a glimpse of the degree of his unwearyingness when we read that “he did stop and did not go unto his own house, but did return unto the multitudes who were scattered about upon the face of the land”[17]. He didn’t even say goodbye to his wife.

I believe that the Lord’s expectation of serving with unwearyingness varies from one person to the next, according to our capacities and our circumstances. But I also believe that the Lord’s blessings are available to each of us as we serve in our various callings and exercise the authority given to us.

I testify that the priesthood authority is here on the earth today. The authorized servants of Jesus Christ are here, in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. We have the God-given authority to administer the ordinances of the gospel for the salvation of men and women. This saving authority extends beyond the grave, in both directions.

I testify that Russell M. Nelson holds the priesthood keys and guides the Church under the direction of Jesus Christ.

God lives. Jesus Christ is our Savior. This is his church. Of which I humbly testify, in the name of Jesus Christ, Amen.

[1] The Book of Mormon, Another Testament of Jesus Christ, 3 Nephi 9:13.

[2] Ibid., 3 Nephi 11:10.

[3] Ibid., 3 Nephi 11:33.

[4] Ibid., 3 Nephi 11:23-33.

[5] Pearl of Great Price, JS-H 1:68-71.

[6] Articles of Faith 1:7.

[7] Pearl of Great Price, JS-H 1:19.

[8] See

[9] Doctrine and Covenants 27:12.

[10] Doctrine and Covenants 121:36.

[11] Doctrine and Covenants 121:37.

[12] Genesis 15:6.

[13] Genesis 22:18.

[14] Pearl of Great Price, Abraham 1:2-4.

[15] The Book of Mormon, Another Testament of Jesus Christ, Helaman 10:3.

[16] Ibid., Helaman 10:3-5.

[17] Ibid., Helaman 10:12.

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